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Konu: NETBIOS HAKKINDA

  1. #1

    Standart NETBIOS HAKKINDA

    Netbios hakkında biraz bilgiye ihtiyacım var arkadaslar

    1) Netbios gosterim olarak application katmanında yer alıyor. Kendisi bir protokolmudur netbios un, yoksa hem servis hem protokolmudur
    2)NetBT ile ilişkisi var mıdır, varsa nedir?
    3)NetBIOS oturumu acmak demek mesela workgroup ortamında \\server deyip isim cozumlemesinin Netbios isim cozumlemsiyle yapılması ve kullanıcı adı ile sifrenin soruldugunda girilerek kaynaga baglanılması ornek verilebiirmi
    4) \\server yazmayı domain ortamında yapsaydık ve DC de AD den kullanıcı adı ve sifre sorgulaması yapılsaydı ve kaynaklara erisseydik bu da Netbios uygulaması olmayacakmıydı tanım olarak, adı ne olacaktı?

    Normalde dosya paylasımı acıldıgında bildigim kadarıyla 445 nolu port acılıyor ve dolayısıyla hem domain hem de workgroup ortamında aslında \\server yazmak bir ip ye ve ve bir porta gidecegi icin sonucta bir socket uygulaması mı olcaktı tanım olarak.

    5)\\server yerine \\192.168.48.5 diye bir ip yazsaydım Netbios oturumu olarak nitelendirilmezmiydi
     

  2. #2

    Standart Ynt: NETBIOS HAKKINDA

    NetBIOS nedir? Network Basic Input Output System
    NetBIOS, bilgisayar ağları için bir dizi ağ hizmetidir. NetBIOS, TCP/IP gibi birkaç farklı ağ protokolünün üzerinde uygulanabilir.

    NetBT - Netbios over TCP/IP 'nin kısaltılmışıdır.

    NetBios ismi denildiğinde bilgisayarın fully qualified domain name'i (fqdn) değil, flat ismi anlaşılır.
    Ör: abc.onder.test - onder.test domainindeki abc isimli bilgisayarı tanımlar ve bir fqdn isimlemesidir.
    sadece abc ise bu bilgisayarın Netbios ismidir.

    eriştiğiniz kaynak eğer domain ortamındaysa, kaynağa erişim izniniz etki alanında denetlenir.
    \\server ile \\192.168.48.5 gibi farklı şekillerde kaynaklara erişmenizin bir önemi yoktur.




    www.mshowto.org , Server 2000-2003, Exchange 2000-2003-2007, ISA 2000-2004-2006 üzerine bir site

  3. #3

    Standart Ynt: NETBIOS HAKKINDA

    Hocam tesekkur ederim,
    bir dizi ag hizmetinden kasıt somut olarak ne oluyor, onu anlamakta gucluk cekiyorum, hangi hizmetler bunlar, yani şimdi Lan da domain olsun veya workgroup olsun bir bilgisayar ile bir şekilde dosya paylasımı seklinde veya bir database e ulasma seklinde bir iletisim sozkonusu olunca Netbios hizmeti bir gorev ediniyormu , bu esnada rolu nedir ? Netbios bir protokol ve port kullanırmı
    sanırım sadece windows kullanıyor ve lan da gecerli olsa gerek dogrumudur?
     

  4. #4

    Standart Ynt: NETBIOS HAKKINDA

    Merhaba,

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NetBIOS

    NetBIOS
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Jump to: navigation, search
    NetBIOS is an acronym for Network Basic Input/Output System. The NetBIOS API allows applications on separate computers to communicate over a local area network. In modern networks, it normally runs over TCP/IP (NetBIOS over TCP/IP), giving each computer in the network both a NetBIOS name and an IP address corresponding to a (possibly different) host name. Older operating systems ran NetBIOS over NetBEUI. NetBIOS provides services related to the session layer of the OSI model.

    Contents [hide]
    1 NetBIOS name vs host name
    2 History
    3 Services
    3.1 Name service
    3.2 Session service
    3.3 Datagram distribution service
    4 See also
    5 External links
    6 References



    [edit] NetBIOS name vs host name
    When NetBIOS is run over the TCP/IP protocol, each computer may have multiple "names", names for the NetBIOS API and another (or others) for basic TCP/IP.

    NetBIOS name

    Each computer running Microsoft Windows has a NetBIOS name which can viewed or changed in the identification tab of the System Control Panel → Network or Computer Name tab. Various services & client tools, including Network Neighborhood and NET USE, typically use NetBIOS names.

    The NetBIOS name is specified when Windows networking is installed/configured. In order to connect to a computer running TCP/IP via its NetBIOS name, the name must be resolved to a network address, usually today this is an IP address (the NetBIOS name-IP address resolution is often done by either broadcasts or a WINS Server — NetBIOS Name Server). A computer's NetBIOS name is often the same as that computer's host name (see below), but it doesn't have to be.

    Host name

    A Windows machine's NetBIOS name is not to be confused with the computer's host name. Generally a computer running TCP/IP (whether it's a Windows machine or not) has a host name (also sometimes called a machine name or a DNS name). Generally the host name of Windows computer is based on the NetBIOS name plus the Primary DNS Suffix which are both set in the System Control Panel.

    There may also be "connection specific suffixes" which can viewed or changed on the DNS tab in Control Panel → Network → TCP/IP → Advanced Properties. Host names are used by applications such as telnet, ftp, web browsers, etc. In order to connect to a computer running the TCP/IP protocol using its HOST name, the host name must be resolved into an IP Address (the host name or FQDN (Fully Qualified Domain Name)-IP address resolution is typically done by a DNS server — Domain Name System/Service).


    [edit] History
    NetBIOS was developed by Sytek Inc. for IBM's PC-Network in 1983. The interface was designed for small networks; PC-Network only supported up to 80 devices in its baseband form. Since its original publishing in a technical reference book from IBM, the protocol's API has become a de facto standard.

    In 1985, IBM went forward with the token ring network scheme and a NetBIOS emulator was produced to allow PC-Network applications to work over this new design, using the NetBEUI protocol to provide the NetBIOS services over the IEEE 802.2 Logical Link Control layer. With Novell's release of Advanced Novell NetWare 2.0 in 1986, NetBIOS was reconfigured to be encapsulated in the IPX/SPX protocol. After the PS/2 computer hit the market in 1987 IBM was finally prompted to release the PC LAN Support Program, which included a driver for NetBIOS. At the same time, they also developed a method of encapsulating NetBIOS in a TCP packet (NetBIOS over TCP/IP) and released RFC 1001 — "Protocol Standard for a NetBIOS Service on a TCP/UDP Transport: Concepts and methods" and RFC 1002 - "Protocol standard for a NetBIOS service on a TCP/UDP transport: Detailed specifications".


    [edit] Services
    NetBIOS provides three distinct SERVICES:

    Name service for name registration and resolution.
    Session service for connection-oriented communication.
    Datagram distribution service for connectionless communication.
    (Note: SMB, an upper layer, is a service that runs on top of the Session Service and the Datagram service, and is not to be confused as a necessary and integral part of NetBIOS itself. It can now run atop TCP with a small adaptation layer that adds a packet length to each SMB message; this is necessary because TCP only provides a byte-stream service with no notion of packet boundaries.)


    [edit] Name service
    In order to start Sessions or distribute Datagrams, an application must register its NetBIOS name using the Name service. NetBIOS names are 16 bytes in length and vary based on the particular implementation. Frequently, the 16th byte is used to designate a "type" similar to the use of ports in TCP/IP. In NBT, the name service operates on UDP port 137 (TCP port 137 can also be used, but it is rarely if ever used).

    The name service primitives offered by NetBIOS are:

    Add Name — registers a NetBIOS name.
    Add Group Name — registers a NetBIOS "group" name.
    Delete Name — un-registers a NetBIOS name or group name.
    Find Name — looks up a NetBIOS name on the network.

    [edit] Session service
    Session mode lets two computers establish a connection for a "conversation", allows larger messages to be handled, and provides error detection and recovery. In NBT, the session service runs on TCP port 139.

    The session service primitives offered by NetBIOS are:

    Call — opens a session to a remote NetBIOS name.
    Listen — listen for attempts to open a session to a NetBIOS name.
    Hang Up — close a session.
    Send — sends a packet to the computer on the other end of a session.
    Send No Ack — like Send, but doesn't require an acknowledgment.
    Receive — wait for a packet to arrive from a Send on the other end of a session.
    In the original protocol used to implement NetBIOS services on PC-Network, to establish a session, the computer establishing the session sends an Open request which is responded to by an Open acknowledgment. The computer that started the session will then send a Session Request packet which will prompt either a Session Accept or Session Reject packet. Data is transmitted during an established session by data packets which are responded to with either acknowledgment packets (ACK) or negative acknowledgment packets (NACK). Since NetBIOS is handling the error recovery, NACK packets will prompt retransmission of the data packet. Sessions are closed by the non-initiating computer by sending a close request. The computer that started the session will reply with a close response which prompts the final session closed packet.


    [edit] Datagram distribution service
    Datagram mode is "connectionless". Since each message is sent independently, they must be smaller; the application becomes responsible for error detection and recovery. In NBT, the datagram service runs on UDP port 138.

    The datagram service primitives offered by NetBIOS are:

    Send Datagram — send a datagram to a remote NetBIOS name.
    Send Broadcast Datagram — send a datagram to all NetBIOS names on the network.
    Receive Datagram — wait for a packet to arrive from a Send Datagram operation.
    Receive Broadcast Datagram — wait for a packet to arrive from a Send Broadcast Datagram operation.

    [edit] See also
    NetBIOS over TCP/IP
    NetBEUI
    NBTSTAT

    [edit] External links
    LAN Technical Reference: 802.2 and NetBIOS APIs
    Implementing CIFS (from the Samba team, published under the Open Publication License)
    NetBIOS specification
    NetBIOS, NetBEUI, NBF, SMB, CIFS Networking

    [edit] References
    Haugdahl, J. Scott (1990). Inside NetBIOS. Architecture Technology Corp. ISBN 99914-57-34-8
    Silberschatz, Abraham; Galvin, Peter Baer; Gagne, Greg (2004). Operating System Concepts. (7th Ed.). John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0-471-69466-5
    Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NetBIOS"
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